Puffins at Machias Seal Island, Maine
Thousands of Puffins surrounded us and I excitedly fumbled to set up my tripod in the tight confines of the small wooden blind. Sue and I had driven over 600 miles, taken a two hour boat ride, and transferred to a smaller boat before making a dangerous leap onto land while treacherous waves crashed in behind us. We had finally arrived on Machias Seal Island!
There were nearly 10,000 birds flying about and resting on rocks. Best of all, they were carrying fish back from the ocean to feed their young. This was what we came for, and I breathlessly shot over 600 images as the action unfolded around us. Working in a blind was more difficult than I had anticipated, especially with a tripod.
Just overhead, the Puffins webbed feet slapped about the wooden roof, reminding us exactly how close we were. The smell of seawater and fish was heavy in the air. Using my 400mm lens I framed some tight portraits, and then switched to a 70-200mm on a different camera for more full body compositions. Ultimately, I found the 400mm to be the preferred lens. One of the important aspects of the shoot was to find nice clean backgrounds without distracting elements. There were two or three spots which were ideal, but the birds weren't always there. Nevertheless, I focused on the spot, and waited. Sure enough, a Puffin would land and I began to rattle off exposures. When they had fish in their bills, I would fire a series of about eighteen shots in three seconds. Then, as quickly as it arrived, it vanished underneath the rocks to feed the young.
It was approximately 9am, and the conditions were sunny without a cloud in the sky. I had to pay careful attention to the histogram to properly expose the bird without blowing out the highlights. My approach was to expose as far to the right as I could in order to capture the detail in the black feathers while stopping just short of overexposure. Here is an example. Notice how the data falls just shy of touching the wall on the far right. This means I have not lost any detail in the whites.
The technical considerations were as follows:
- I wanted tack sharp photos so I used a fast shutter speed to completely freeze any motion. This was generally 1/800 or 1/1000. Even with this fast of an exposure, it is still necessary to use a tripod, especially with a heavy 400mm lens. After a few hours of hand holding, your arms get tired, and the likelihood of camera shake increases. With the tripod, you are leaving nothing to chance.
- A wide aperture of f5.6 allowed me to completely blur the background and draw attention to the Puffin. Although it was a shallow depth of field, it wasn't too wide like f2.8 or f4. My concern with shooting that wide is that certain parts of the subject will get soft since it falls outside of the depth of field. I feel that 5.6 is the perfect compromise.
- Since there was plenty of light, I was able to shoot at ISO 100 allowing for nice saturation with no noise.
Puffins steal the spotlight, and with good reason. They are incredible birds to see in person, and fun to photograph. Yet, you may be wondering, what else is on the island? How about Razorbills! Exotic looking in its own right, this bird was a photographic challenge due to the black on black coloration. Still, I'm so glad I took some time to capture images of this beautiful bird. Using the same techniques noted above, I was able to retain feather detail while revealing the dark eye.
This island isn't only for the birds. There is actually an old Lighthouse here which is operated by the Canadian Coast Guard. I took a picture with the 70-200 as the boat approached. Interestingly enough, ownership of the island is contested with both Canada and the United States having claimed it.
As the boat pulled away and Machias Seal Island slowly dissapeared in the distance, I realized just how lucky I was to have seen these birds in the wild. Maine may be known as "Vacationland", but on this island there are no souvenir stands or ice cream parlors. In this little pristine section of the earth, the birds far outnumber the people. It's their sanctuary, and I'm grateful to have shared it with them for a short while.
For a behind the scenes video filmed inside the actual blind, check back in a few days!